Vote 22 Ministry of Fisheries and Marin Windhoek
Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources
The fisheries ministry is allocated N$191.4 million for the 2021/2022 financial year, of which N$174 million is for operations, and N$17.4 million for the development budget.
This ministry runs six main programme areas.
- Survey and Stock Assessment
This is for collecting research data for the commercially harvested species and the maintenance of research infrastructure.
Additionally, routine scientific surveys and field activities are being conducted.
This year, the ministry will conduct an orange roughy biomass survey to assess the status of the resource and decide whether the stock has recovered adequately to resume commercial exploitation of this species.
Also, a biomass survey of sardines is planned this year after the three-year moratorium has lapsed.
For activities under this programme, N$38,6 million is requested.
- Human Resource Development
An amount of N$37.8 million is requested for this programme.
- Maritime and Inland Monitoring, Control and Surveillance
This programme oversees the combating of illegal, unprotected, and unregulated fishing activities within Namibia's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), as well as inland water bodies.
For this, N$66.8 million is allocated.
- Promotion of Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries
N$34,3 million is allocated for the development and maintenance of aquaculture and sustainable utilisation of inland fisheries resources.
This programme sustains eight fish farms across the country.
- Policy and Economic Advice
An amount of N$11.1 million is requested for this programme, which includes coordination and implementation of the national development plans, the second Harambee Prosperity Plan, and the finalisation of the Blue Economy policy and framework in the fisheries sector.
- Coordination and Support Services
This programme oversees policies and operation regarding fisheries management. A N$2.7 million is requested for it.
A further N$17.4 million is allocated for the ministry's six developmental projects that produce fingerlings for fish farmers in the country.
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Ministry of Industrialisation and Trade
The Ministry of Industrialisation and Trade (MIT) is requesting a budget allocation of N$147.6 million for the 2021/2022 financial year: N$112.2 million for operations and N$48 million for its development budget.
Overall, this is a nine percent (N$16 million) deduction from the previous budget.
The bulk of the operational budget goes towards personnel expenditure (N$64.4 million).
The rest goes towards goods and services (N$19 million), and subsidies and other current transfers (N$29 million).
The development budget is for the construction of industrial premises (N$16.5 million); construction of garment factories (N$12 million); for the special industrialisation programme (N$5 million); an agro-processing development (N$3.2 million); a product development and group purchasing project (N$2 million); the gemstone and jewellery development programme (N$1 million); and for the construction of a testing and inspection centre (N$8 million).
The three agencies under the ministry get the following: Namibian Standards Institution (N$10 million); Namibia Competition Commission (N$7 million); and the Business Intellectual and Property Authority (N$2 million).
This ministry is tasked to, amongst others, increase trade and commerce related activities, attract investment, and to develop and expand the country's industrial base.
The investment part of its mandate is now largely under the Office of the President with the establishment of the Namibia Investment Promotion Development Board (NIPDB) that replaces the Namibia Investment Centre.
Under the growth-at-home strategy, the ministry has identified seven sectors as relevant in achieving industrialisation.
These sectors include the garment and textile industry; automotive industry; biomass and bio-fuel industry, especially coal manufacturing; pharmaceutical industry, cosmetic, sanitary and hygiene industry; hides, skin and leather processing; and gemstones and jewellery polishing.
Ministry of Home Affairs, Immigration, Safety and Security
This ministry is requesting N$5.7 billion for the 2021/2022 financial year, of which N$421.1 million is to go towards infrastructure development.
An amount of N$123.9 million is requested for the regulation of Namibia's population register, which includes recording births, deaths, marriages,the issuance of identity documents, and the digitisation of records.
For its immigration control programme, the ministry asks for N$203.6 million, and N$11.3 million for the refugee management programme.
NAMIBIA POLICE FORCE
There are five main programmes listed for the national police force:
- Combating of crime N$3.6 billion
- VIPs Protection N$363.7 million
- Training and Development N$83.6million
- Forensic Services N$25.3 million
- ICT Management N$80 million
NAMIBIA CORRECTIONAL SERVICES
This programme, which runs three main activities – safe custody, rehabilitation and reintegration, coordination of services – is requesting N$429.9 million.
Ministry of Gender Equality, Poverty Eradication and Social Welfare
This ministry is requesting N$5.5 billion for the 2021/2022 financial year, of which the bulk (N$5.4 billion) is to go into operations, and N$24 million for the development budget.
The development budget is for the construction and renovation of homes of safety and shelters, the renovation and maintenance of the Namibia Children's Home and After School Centre, construction of community empowerment centres, and the construction of regional and constituency offices.
For operations, the minister's office is allocated N$7.2 million, and N$147.6 million for administration and general services.
The gender equality and women's empowerment programme, which includes projects aimed at combating gender-based violence, and trafficking in persons, is allocated N$27.4 million.
An amount of N$45 million is earmarked for the community development and poverty eradication programme.
This project aims to improve support for micro-businesses involved in income generating activities, and support for early childhood development centres.
The childcare and protection programme is to get N$70.5 million. This programme also includes food rations for the Namibia Children's Home and After School Centre.
The ministry further plans to provide basic logistical support to Farm Kaukurus No 79 Unit B, a resettlement farm the ministry acquired for children living and working on the streets.
For this, N$2.3 million is requested.
The bulk of the ministry's operational budget allocation (88.5%, or N$5 billion) is for social protection services, which includes social assistance, funeral benefits, and food provision to eligible beneficiaries.
Included in this are social grants to pensioners and people living with disabilities, child welfare grants, the food bank programme, and funeral cover.
The disability affairs programme is allocated N$20.4 million.
An amount of N$28 million is allocated for policy, planning and research.
The support for marginalised communities programme is allocated N$88 million. Assistance is mainly in the form of support for basic to tertiary education for marginalised communities.
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Ministry of Public Enterprises
The Ministry of Public Enterprises is requesting a N$733.4 million budget allocation for 2021/2022, which is a reduction from N$808.8 million the previous financial year due to Air Namibia's liquidation.
This ministry was established to bring about reform in public enterprises; its mandate is to position parastatals as key contributors to Namibia's economic growth.
Minister Leon Jooste said the ministry has since its inception followed a very specific sequence of processes to do that.
First, it gathered accurate up-to-date data on the public enterprises, after which several targeted benchmarking missions were charted for the way forward.
He said from the research and benchmarking, it has become obvious that the governance model was “severely flawed” and that it was imperative to centralise the ownership of these enterprises.
The Public Enterprises Governance Act No 1 of 2019 was promulgated and operationalised in December 2019.
This has put the ministry in a position to take direct responsibilities for the portfolio of 24 commercial public enterprises (CPEs) that have a combined asset value of N$82 billion, and N$43 billion liabilities, which gives a net asset value of N$39 billion.
These public enterprises employ 25'000 people.
Jooste said it has become critical to expedite the reform of the CPEs in line with the High-level Panel on the Namibian Economy (HLPNE) as adopted by Cabinet.
* The three categories of Public Enterprises:
Total Net Asset Value
Funds & Financial Institutions
An amount of N$571.8 million is allocated for legal, economic, and financial advisory services.
Of this, N$11.8 million is for operational activities, primarily on ensuring the Public Enterprises Governing Act is operationalised and implemented.
N$560 million is allocated for government support to CPEs as follows:
Commercial Public Enterprises
Air Namibia (liquidation related costs)
Namibia Institute of Pathology
Namibia Wildlife Resorts
Agricultural Business Development
Agro-Marketing and Trade Agency
Roads Construction Company
Epagelo Mining Company
Lüderitz Waterfront Development Company
A N$161.6 million is for policy coordination and support services. Of this, N$135 million is provisionally allocated to TransNamib to address challenges associated with its equity in the Swakopmund Hotel and Entertainment Centre.
N$26.6 million is for the ministry's administrative functions.
Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Land Reform
The Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Land Reform is allocated N$1.7 billion for the 2021/2022 financial year.
Of this, N$1.3 billion is to go towards agriculture and land reform. N$465.3 million is for water provision.
Minister Calle Schlettwein said the allocation is not enough for the sector to reach its full potential.
The sector is recovering from severe drought, it experienced a foot and mouth outbreak, and the country is battling a locust infestation.
“One can compare the current status of the sector to a cow that is recovering from drought, but now has to battle foot and mouth attack while the fresh grazing she depends on is diminished by locusts. The cow needs care and nursing,” Schlettwein pleaded.
Of the N$1.3 billion, a total of N$392.4 million is for development projects in the agricuture and land reform sectors.
N$863.5 million is for operational expenditures.
The livestock production programme for the improvement of animal health and marketing in the northern central area (NCA) is allocated N$96.2 million.
Crop and horticulture production gets N$143.2 million, which is inclusive of the Namibia Agricultural Mechanisation and Seed Improvement Programme (NAMSIP), which is allocated N$53 million.
The land reform programme gets N$119.7 million to address land acquisition for resettlement purposes, the rehabilitation of farm infrastructure on these farms, and the development of land in communal areas through programmes to integrate communities into the mainstream economy and the provision of secure land tenure in informal settlements through the implementation of the flexible land tenure system.
An amount of N465.3 million goes towards the improvement of water supply security and bulk water supply infrastructure, as well as the sanitation policy and programme.
For water infrastructure development, maintenance and rehabilitation, N$186.6 million is earmarked.
The ministry has also secured N$1.8 billion funding from the African Development Bank (AfDB) to address bulk and rural water supply needs of the country.
N$2.9 million is allocated for the construction of at least 250 sanitation facilities in rural areas.
Ministry of Mines and Energy
The Ministry of Mines and Energy is requesting a budget allocation of N$212.4 million for the 2021/2022 financial year to be distributed amongst six programme areas.
These programmes are:
- Promotion of investment in exploration N$24.6 million
The re-drafting of the Mining Act and Diamond Act are to be finalised this year.
The ministry is also exploring the introduction of an on-line mineral rights application system.
It plans to do more towards the enforcement of laws and conditions of licences.
- Creation of knowledge of geological resources N$54.1 million
For the current financial year, the ministry aims to improve its understanding of the geological character and mineral potential of the //Karas and Kunene regions.
- Protection of the diamond industry N$10.9 million
The ministry intends to enhance beneficiation of locally produced diamonds in support of the growth-at-home strategy.
It will similarly revise diamond licenses application criteria and conditions, and intensify inspection and monitoring of the diamond value chain activities.
- Energy security of supply N$62.7 million
The ministry will oversee the implementation of three new Solar PV power plants with a capacity of 45 megawatts.
It also envisages the electrification of about 36 rural schools with N$44 million allocated towards the rural electrification programme.
- Petroleum security of supply N$11.2 million
More work is to be done to attract and retain investors in the petroleum upstream sector, while the ministry will continue to regulate the downstream petroleum industry.
Following concerns over the proliferation of retail fuel stations that has the potential to threaten the sustainability of the sector, the ministry has reviewed its licensing guidelines and conditions.
The ministry is also addressing the threat from illegal importation of fuel from Angola.
- Policy coordination and support services N$48.9 million
Part of the allocation here will go towards the upgrade and expansion of the ICT infrastructure of the ministry.
During the 2020/2021 financial year, the Diamond Act and the Mining Act were amended to align them with international best practices.
More legislative review is in the offing, which is aimed at enhancing transparency and accountability in the management and award of mineral rights.
Some substantive changes considered in the review include the introduction of compulsory local ownership in mineral licenses, mineral beneficiation, and mine closure plans.
Regarding local ownership, the ministry has introduced some administrative changes.
Since April this year, Namibians who have been awarded minerals exploration and prospecting licences (EPLs) and wish to dilute their ownership to foreign investors, can only do so providing that they retain at least 15% ownership.
As far as electricity supply goes, the ministry was able to electrify 33 rural public institutions like schools and clinics at a cost of N$42 million. It has also electrified more than 500 rural households at N$10 million.
Last year, the much-vaunted national oil storage facility at Walvis Bay was completed and handed over to the national oil company, Namcor, which will operate it on behalf of the state.
Namcor received its first fuel shipment last December.
This facility has a fuel storage capacity of 75 million litres, boosting stock holding capacity from 10 to 45 days.
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Ministry of Health and Social Services
The Ministry of Health and Social Services is requesting an N$8.1 billion budget allocation for the 2021/2022 financial year.
Of this, N$7.7 billion is to go to operational expenditure, and n$360.5 million to development expenditure.
The allocation to the different programmes, is as follows:
- Health system planning and management N$39.9 million
- Curative and clinical healthcare N$7.4 billion
- Public health N$101.9 million
- Developmental social welfare N$22 million
- Policy coordination and support N$54 million
During the previous financial year when the Covid-19 pandemic hit Namibia, and additional N$727 million was availed to the health ministry.
Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture
The education ministry is requesting a N$13.8 billion budget allocation for the 2021/2022 financial year.
This is 5.1% lower than the previous allocation despite the high allocation by international standards, averaging 20% of the national budget over the past seven years in line with the Dakar threshold, a commitment made by African governments.
The allocation to the operational budget is N$13.4 billion, and N$402.8 million for the development budget.
The allocations per programme are as follows:
- Pre-primary education N$406.4 million
- Primary education N$8.3 billion
- Secondary education N$3.9 billion
- Information, Adult, Lifelong Learning, Arts, and Culture N$448.7 million
- HIV/AIDS Unit N$2.2 million
- Policy coordination and support services N$728.4 million
Notwithstanding the huge allocation to basic education, the ministry has expressed concern over the outcomes, which are not congruent to the level of investment being ploughed into this sector.
For this reason, the ministry has unpacked the cost drivers to figure out mitigating approaches.
Textbooks and material supplies got N$35 million during the previous financial year.
Contrary to that, catering at public school hostels for 2021/2022 amounts to N$582 million for 65'000 learners, or eight percent of the total learner population of 800'000.
The ministry said this in itself shows a gross inequality, which may require parents and guardians to increase their current contributions for the upkeep of their children in hostels. It may also require the establishment of a hostel development fund.
The ministry has started to reclassify hostels to determine hostel feeds and development fund adjustments.
82% of the total budget allocation goes to the ministry's wage bill.
The ministry employs 40% of all public servants. Of these, 26'640 are teaching staff, and 12'102 are unified staff.
The ministry is considering freezing non-critical posts on the unified structure, while the number of posts mainly on the unified structure has been reduced.
Staff reductions have also been done at small and non-economical schools with less than 100 learners in some regions.
Expenditure on utilities has also been cut with the installation of pre-paid water and electricity metres.
To cut costs on construction work, the ministry is now working on a pro bono basis with Direct Design Lab (DDL) through its Friends of Education Namibia Special Initiative (FENSI) to develop an accelerated infrastructure plan to serve as a blueprint for all future construction projects.
With a huge repetition (125'000 learners in one year) and drop-out (32'000) rates, the ministry has calculated a loss of close to N$2 billion of investment per year.
THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC
Last year learners lost half of their school year out of 198 days due to the outbreak of the Covid-19 outbreak.
In response, the ministry has developed a resilience plan for 2021 to 2023, which focuses on learning outcomes.
This plan includes interventions such as the streamlining and rationalising of curricula, the use of cohort systems, shifts or alternate days for school attendance, the introduction of blended learning (using both on-line and face-to-face teaching), distribution of learning materials through the media, and a downward revision of promotion requirements.
There was also an N$800 million allocation for Covid-19 infrastructure development.
Ministry of Higher Education, Technology and Innovation
Namibia's ministry of higher education is asking for a N$3.1 billion allocation for the 2021/2022 financial year.
A total of N$882 million is to go to the University of Namibia (UNAM), N$493.6 million to the Namibia University of Science and Technology (NUST), and N$1.2 billion to the Namibia Student Financial Assistance Fund (NSFAF).
A N$402.5 million is requested for vocational training centres.
There are currently 68'757 students enrolled in higher education institutions, and 34'920 at vocational training centres.
NSFAF has awarded 32'849 loans to students at local and foreign institutions.
Moreover, a total of N$22 million is requested for the ministry's coordination and support programme.
The ministry has started to review existing policies for the education and training sector.
The National Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), and the National Space Science and Technology Policy have already been approved by Cabinet.
Others are yet to be tabled to Cabinet.
The ministry is also looking into the construction of a student village in Windhoek's Khomasdal suburb.
For research, science, technology, and innovation, an amount of N$33 million is requested.
For its national commission for UNESCO programme, the ministry is requesting N$13.4 million.
Namibia is chairing the Africa Group and drives initiatives to Agenda 2063 in five fields of competence of UNESCO.
One of these is the World Press Freedom Day that will be commemorated in Windhoek from 29 April to 3 May.
Namibia will also participate in the 41st session of the UNESCO General Conference at the end of 2021 in Paris, France.
The Namibia National Commission for UNESCO will celebrate its 30th anniversary in January 2022.
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